Port Qasim Karachi – The History, Details, And Importance

Port Qasim Karachi is the second-largest port of Pakistan located in the south-eastern Sindh province. It was constructed in 1962 to provide an alternative route for importing goods to Pakistan during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. The article will focus on reviewing the history, details, and importance of this much-needed port.

It is a deep seaport on the Arabian Sea which serves as the northeastern end of the Indus River Delta. It is located in Karachi and was opened in 1984. The land of the Qasim Port has been used for military and commercial purposes since ancient times.

history of port qasim karachi
Image: pqa.gov.pk

Background

The Port Qasim is located in Karachi, Pakistan on the coast of the Arabian Sea. It is Pakistan’s second largest port, after the Port of Karachi. The port is named after Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan. This was inaugurated on October 1958 by then-President Iskander Mirza.

It is situated on an area of 12,000 acres (4,856 ha) with a depth of 21 feet (6.4 m). The port has a capacity of handling 100 million tons of cargo per year. It comprises two separate docks, the East and West Wharfs. The East Wharf has a length of 3,600 meters (11,811 ft) with 14 berths while the West Wharf has a length of 2,700 meters (8,860 ft) with 10 berths.

The container terminal at the port can handle 500,000 TEUs per year. The terminal has a quay length of 1,200 meters (3,937 ft). A new multi-purpose terminal with a capacity to handle 1.5 million tons of cargo per year was inaugurated in 2013.

Qasim Port Karachi is one of the largest and busiest seaports in Pakistan. The port is located on the shores of the Arabian Sea, about 20 miles east of Karachi. The port is the country’s second busiest port, handling over 60% of Pakistan’s maritime trade.

This port was established in 1974, and officially inaugurated in 1979. It was built to replace the overcrowded and outdated Karachi Port. It is operated by the Port Qasim Authority, PQA, a semi-autonomous body that reports to the Ministry of Ports and Shipping.

Qasim Port Coverage Area

The port covers an area of over 12,000 acres, with a depth of up to 16 meters. It has a total of 27 berths, including 12 container berths, 10 oil berths, and 5 general cargo berths. The port handles a wide range of cargo, including containers, dry bulk, liquid bulk, break bulk, and Ro-Ro (roll-on/roll-off) vessels.

In recent years, the Qasim Port Karachi has undergone a major expansion program to increase its capacity and efficiency. This has included the construction of new berths, warehouses, and other infrastructure. The expansion program is ongoing, and when complete,

The History of Port Qasim Karachi

Port Qasim Karachi is one of the busiest seaports in Pakistan. Located just east of Karachi, it is the country’s second largest port and handles a large amount of container traffic.

The port was originally developed in the 1960s to supplement the existing Port of Karachi. It became operational in 1974 and has since undergone several expansions. Today, it covers an area of over 12 square kilometers and has a depth of up to 16 meters.

Qasim Port Karachi is an important part of Pakistan’s economy and plays a vital role in the country’s trade. It is also one of the busiest ports in the region, handling over 5 million TEUs annually.

It is also set to become a major transshipment hub in the future with the expansion of its container terminal.As of late 2015, Qasim Port Karachi is undergoing an expansion program that will raise its capacity from 4.5 million TEUs per year to 12 million TEUs in the long run. The port’s ongoing construction projects include the development of two new container berths and a dedicated berth for passengers, as well as a deep water berth for oil tankers.The port also has plans for redundant power supply, additional warehouses and better approaches to facilitate navigation. Its expansion is expected to cost over $1 billion, but will facilitate the handling and processing of up to 1.8 million TEUs annually by 2020.

Why was this Port built?

The Port Qasim Authority is located in Karachi, Pakistan and is named after Muhammad Ali Jinnah. It is the country’s second largest port and was built in order to relieve the pressure on Karachi’s port. Qasim is also a major hub for Pakistan’s fishing industry.
It is located in the heart of industrial, commercial and financial district of Karachi. Strategic location of this port in the country has enabled it to receive a large number of ships from different parts of the world.

Inauguration Ceremony of Port Qasim Karachi

Qasim Port Karachi was commissioned to provide employment opportunities for the people of Karachi region and to develop a multi-purpose port with facilities for handling bulk, break bulk and general cargoes as well as containers. It also provides enormous scope for fisheries development. Owing to its unique location, the Port is well-connected to the national and international transportation network. The Port is situated at a distance of about 12 nautical miles from Karachi city center (Korangi Creek), 32 miles from the New International Islamabad Airport, 25 miles from Karachi Airport and 17 miles from Pakistan Steel Mills.

The first phase of the project was completed in 1982 with an overall outlay of Rs.2,305 million by the Water & Power Development Authority (WAPDA). It consists of one multipurpose cargo terminal, two passenger terminals and two mooring berths with associated facilities for handling bulk cargoes as well as containers. The port has a total area of 477 acres on completion, which would increase to 874 acres after the third phase.The container terminal was opened in June 1985 with a capacity of handling 30,000 TEUs per annum. The mooring berths have a capacity of 60,000 DWT and two berths are reserved for roll-on roll-off cargo ships. So far, the port has handled more than six million tons cargo, 3.2 million tons being containerized.

Importance and Significance

Located on the southeastern coast of Karachi, Port Qasim is one of Pakistan’s most important seaports. The port is strategically located near the mouth of the Indus River, providing deep water access to the country’s vast hinterland. It is also situated close to major international shipping routes, making it an ideal gateway for Pakistan’s trade with the outside world.

The port plays a vital role in Pakistan’s economy, handling a large portion of the country’s imports and exports. Qasim Port Karachi is also an important source of employment, with over 6,000 people working directly at the port and many more employed in related industries.

The port has undergone significant development in recent years, with a number of new berths and facilities being added. This has helped to increase its capacity and efficiency, making it an even more important hub for Pakistan’s trade.

Economic Benefits Of Qasim Port Karachi

The Port of Qasim is one of the busiest and most important ports in Pakistan. Located in Karachi, it is the country’s largest container port, handling over 60% of Pakistan’s maritime trade. The port is also a major hub for the import and export of goods between Pakistan and its trading partners. In addition to its economic importance, the Port Qasim also plays a vital role in the country’s security and defense.

It is one of the busiest and most important ports in Pakistan. Located in Karachi, it is the country’s largest container port, handling over 60% of Pakistan’s maritime trade. The port is also a major hub for the import and export of goods between Pakistan and its trading partners. In addition to its economic importance, Port Qasim Authority also plays a vital role in the country’s security and defense. China Harbor Engineering Company (CHEC) has expressed interest in making an investment in the Port of Qasim as part of CPEC. The project could generate over $1 billion worth of foreign direct investment (FDI).

China Harbor Engineering Company (CHEC) has expressed interest in making an investment in the Port of Qasim as part of CPEC. The project could generate over $1 billion worth of foreign direct investment (FDI).

Pakistan’s international trade has continued to grow, and the government is seeking new ways to improve its infrastructure to meet this demand. The Port Qasim will be developed into a major commercial hub serving all the Western China provinces and Central Asia, with a focus on enhancing connectivity between China and Pakistan, particularly Gwadar. It will be developed into a major commercial hub serving all the Western China provinces and Central Asia. This will be done with a focus on enhancing connectivity between China and Pakistan, particularly Gwadar

Challenges and Opportunities

Port Qasim Karachi is the second busiest port in Pakistan and is located just east of Karachi. The port handles around 60% of Pakistan’s maritime trade and is a vital link in the country’s supply chain. It is also home to a number of industries, including oil refineries, steel mills, and fertilizer plants.

The Qasim Port faces a number of challenges, including overcrowding, poor infrastructure, and security concerns. However, the government is investing heavily in the development of the port and its surrounding area. In addition to new berths and warehouses, plans are underway for a new container terminal, a rail link to the Karachi Port Railway Station, and an expansion of the port’s road network.

These improvements will help to improve the efficiency of the port and make it more competitive with other regional ports. In addition, they will create new jobs and economic opportunities for the people of Karachi.

Who owns the Port now?

The Pakistan government owns the Port Qasim Authority, which manages the Port. The China Overseas Ports Holding Company (COPHC) is a major shareholder in it, and has been contracted to operate and manage the port.
The government awarded a lease to COPHC in 2017, and it is expected to operate the Port for 33 years.

How is the Port Qasim Karachi Positioned?

The industrial city of Port Qasim, which sits between Karachi and Hyderabad, is located on the west bank of the Indus River, at its point where it meets the Arabian Sea. The main channel of the Indus River flows under a bridge overpassing (the M3 motorway) that runs parallel to the river on its east bank. The Indus enters this area from the north after flowing out of Sukkur Barrage (pictured above). On its way to meet with the Arabian Sea, it splits into several distributaries in this area; one enters from just north of the bridge, while the other two enter from the ocean side of the bridge. The Indus River flows to the east around a small island (jutting out into the river channel), and then splits up into three distributaries.

The westernmost distributary branch, which is located on Qasim Port Authority’s land (the red shaded area in the above diagram) was artificially created in 1962 by constructing a weir that diverts water away from other branches of the river and directs it to form this distributary. An additional weir was constructed in 1977, forming an about 2 mile long asymmetrical lagoon along this branch of the river as well as one inlet and one outlet channel .

The lagoon is fed by the distributary and the two side branches towards its southern end (the red shaded area in the above diagram). The easternmost distributary branch of the river, from which water is also diverted away to form the distributary, was actually partially man-made.It was created as a result of silting up of its western arm in 1966. This happened following construction of an 87m long “longitudinal” weir that diverts water away from the arm towards its northern end.

How does it carry out trade activities?

Port Qasim is and is one of the largest ports in the country. The port was inaugurated in 1974 and has since been an important part of Pakistan’s trade activities. The port handles a variety of trade commodities such as oil, gas, and coal. Additionally, the port is also used for the import and export of containers.
The port has a total of 13 berths, several warehouses and container terminals. The port is also home to power generating facilities that supply electricity to the port and the surrounding area.

Impact of the Port Qasim on jobs in Pakistan

The Port of Qasim is one of the largest ports in Pakistan and is located just south of Karachi. The port is a deep-water seaport and handles a variety of cargo, including containers, bulk, break bulk, and general cargo. The port also has a large shipyard that can accommodate up to six ships at a time.

The Porf Qasim Authority is an important part of the Pakistani economy and is responsible for a large number of jobs in the country. In addition to the jobs directly related to the port, there are also many indirect jobs that are created by the port. These indirect jobs include roles in transportation, logistics, and other support industries.

The Port of Qasim has had a positive impact on the economy of Pakistan and has helped to create many jobs in the country. The port is an important part of the Pakistani supply chain and is essential for the country’s imports and exports.

Status of the Port Today

Port Qasim Karachi is the second largest port in Pakistan and is located just east of Karachi. The port is currently undergoing a major expansion project that will double its capacity. The expansion project is part of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor and is being funded by the Chinese government.

The expansion project includes the construction of a new container terminal, coal terminal, and oil terminal. The new container terminal will have a capacity of 2.5 million TEUs. The coal terminal will have a capacity of 10 million tons per year. The oil terminal will have a capacity of 8 million tons per year.

The expansion project is expected to be completed by 2020. When completed, the port will be able to handle 100 million tons of cargo per year.

Conclusion

Port Qasim Karachi is an important port city in Pakistan. It is located on the coast of the Arabian Sea and serves as a major hub for trade and commerce in the country. The port city has a long history dating back to the time of the British Raj, when it was known as Karachi Port. Today, Qasim Port is one of the busiest ports in Pakistan and handles a large volume of cargo every year. The port is also home to a number of industries, including shipbuilding, fishing, and oil refining.

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